Steele, Boro's only ever-present last season, was named alongside Premier League goalkeepers Jack Butland from Stoke and Norwich City's Declan Rudd. The 22-year-old will be hoping to add to the six caps he has already won.
As well as at U21 level, Steele has represented England at U16, U17 and U19 level as well as with Team GB for last year's Olympic Games.
England start their campaign with a game against Italy in Tel Aviv on June 5. Norway in Petah Tikva on June 8 are next up, with the final group game against the hosts in Jerusalem scheduled for June 11.
Josh McEachran, who made 38 appearances for Boro last season while on loan from Chelsea is also in the squad, as is Callum McManaman. Man of the Match in Saturday's historic FA Cup win over Wigan, McManaman limped out of the Latics 4-1 defeat away to Arsenal last night, a result which condemned Roberto Martinez's side to relegation following an eight-year stay in the Premier League.
Steele, named Player and Young Player of the Year by Boro fans, is one of six Championship players in a squad which includes four players from Tottenham and three from Liverpool.
Goalkeepers: Butland (Stoke City), Rudd (Norwich City), Steele (Boro).
Defenders: Caulker (Tottenham Hotspur), Clyne (Southampton), Dawson (West Bromwich Albion), Lees (Leeds United), Rose (Tottenham Hotspur), Shaw (Southampton), Smith (Tottenham Hotspur), Wisdom (Liverpool).
Midfielders: Chalobah (Chelsea), Henderson (Liverpool), Ince (Blackpool), Lansbury (Nottingham Forest), Lowe (Blackburn), McEachran (Chelsea), McManaman (Wigan Athletic), Shelvey (Liverpool), Townsend (Tottenham Hotspur).
Forwards: Sordell (Bolton Wanderers), Wickham (Sunderland), Zaha (Manchester United).